Assassinated Haitian President Jovenel Moïse Clashed With Some Business Magnates

PORT-AU-PRINCE, Haiti—Before he was gunned down, Haitian President

Jovenel Moïse

regularly assailed what he called powerful oligarchs, blaming them for the impoverished nation’s woes.

“After decades of systematic plundering of state property by corrupt oligarchs,” Mr. Moïse said in a March speech, “the country needs a collective awakening.”

It was a common political strategy in a deeply unequal nation where Haitian politicians rally the poor against the so-called bourgeoisie, say historians and political analysts. It also fueled resentment among some in the business elite against Mr. Moïse, who became increasingly isolated and turned more autocratic, including against rivals in the business world as Haiti’s political and economic crises worsened, according to political analysts, Haitian rights activists and U.S. lawmakers.

His fractious relationship with the business community sheds light…

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